The first hexagonal town in Europe
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The first hexagonal town in Europe

Built in the late 17th century, Grammichele is one of the few towns in the world that has a unique plan left to this day.

Town history

Located in the province of Catania, which is in the island of Sicily, Italy, Grammichele was founded after a massive earthquake that occurred in 1693. This disaster swept away a previous settlement called OcchialĂ , to the north of Grammichele. The survivors then built a new town, named Grammichele. The town was named after St. Michele in the hope that the saint will protect the new town from the next disaster.

The prince of Roccella and Butera, Carlo Maria Carafa Branciforte, ordered to build the town. Designed by Michele da Ferla, Grammichele is known as the first city in Europe that was arranged in hexagonal form.

Special construction structure

Many people believe that this plan was inspired by Palmanova, a fortified town built a hundred years ago. The difference is that Palmanova is based on nine-sided polygons, while the Grammichele is hexagonal with endless expansion. The whole town is divided into 6 areas, with 6 arterial roads converging on the main square.

The first hexagonal town in Europe

In the town, many areas are created for people to gather in a disaster. These square areas are about the same size. All are connected by a concentric road network around the main hexagon square, called Prince Carafa Square. In addition to hexagons, four rectangular districts were designed. One of them is expected to build the Prince’s Palace but this has never been carried out.

A nice town tourism

To reach this unique town, visitors can book flights to Catania-Fontanarossa airport. This is the closest airport to Catania and also one of the busy airports in Italy. From the airport, visitors can take the AMT Alibus bus to the city center station. Buses have a scheduled 25-minute trip, departing from 4h40 to midnight. Bus fare is 4 euros.

The smallest town in the world - Croatia's favorite destination
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The smallest town in the world – Croatia’s favorite destination

Hum town, with only 17 inhabitants, is one of Croatia’s most attractive destinations. Let’s join discover what’s interesting inside it!

Hum – the world’s smallest town

Hum is a 349-meter town on the top of Istria hill, Croatia. It is recognized as the smallest town in the world. This town was founded in the 11th century, when the Hum castle was built on the ruins of an ancient Roman settlement. After that, the first houses appeared.

Hum town is built and developed inside the castle walls without spreading out. Until the 17th century, in historical documents, Hum was called a “castrum”, meaning “fortress”. Today, the town has only 20 buildings on two paved streets with 17 people living in it.

Ways to Hum Town

The most interesting way to travel to Hum is to go from Roc town, 3 km from Hum, along the road with huge stone monuments. Each statue represents a letter of the Glagolitic alphabet, so this road is called “Glagolitic road”.

You can enter the town via a single gate, which was built in 1562 and upgraded by modern workers.

A great destination

Thanks to its peculiarity, the town is truly unique and interesting both historically and culturally. Hum town is especially attractive to nature lovers. Forests, meadows and hills are stunning for long walks or short family excursions.

Despite its small size, Hum has all the usual town services, including: central square, post office, temple, town cemetery, craft souvenirs shop, a local wine store and city museum. Visitors can visit Hum’s traditional konoba restaurant, where you will be invited to try a local herb 38% alcohol made by the 2000-year-old receipt – Humska Biska.